When doctors fail to perform their duties efficiently, resulting in harm or injury to their patient, the latter may file a lawsuit against the former. Determining if medical practice occurred may be identified through several malpractices:
- Misdiagnosis or delayed diagnosis – When doctors give the patient the wrong analysis or treatment for an illness or when they fail to give diagnosis or treatment that could have averted harm to the patient, a medical malpractice case may be established.
- Child birth injuries – brain injuries, fractured bones, and nerve damages to the fetus can be caused by medical malpractice, but one should keep an open mind that it could also be because of other factors.
A child birth injury may be a medical malpractice case if doctor was negligent in providing prenatal care (failed to diagnose the mother’s medical condition, etc.) or negligent during childbirth (failed to predict birth complications, etc.).
- Medication errors – medication errors may be a case of medical practice when the doctor gives a wrong dosage in prescription, wrong medication, or patient being harmed by the medication (as a result of misdiagnosed illness).
- Anesthesia errors – anesthesia errors can cause brain damage or death. Failure to evaluate the patient’s history for possible complications and inform said patient of risks can be taken against the doctor. Giving excessive anesthesia, using defective equipment, and inept surveillance of the patient’s vital signs are also forms of negligence.
- Surgical errors – a negligent surgeon (or nurse staff) during the operation may be grounds for medical malpractice.